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Research Paper Conclusion Paragraph Example For Kids

Connection (3-5 mins): Students should be seated on the carpet.  They will be expected to turn and talk to their partner during this lesson.  Researchers, can you believe how much of your paper is already completed?  We are already ready to write our conclusion paragraphs.  All of your hard work has paid off and now it’s time to conclude our paper.  The conclusion paragraph is important because it sums up everything you have learned as a researcher and allows you to support your ideas about the topic. 

Teach/Active Engagement (10-12 mins):  Just like our research papers need clear beginnings, we have to write clear endings.  The conclusion paragraph should close up your paper and tie up any loose ends.  Most conclusion paragraphs have two parts, this will help us structure our conclusion paragraphs.

The first part of a conclusion paragraph is a summary statement.  This statement is normally one to two sentences that restate our goals of the paper in a new way, or the main idea.  The hardest part about the summary statement is that we want this statement to be worded differently than our introduction paragraph ideas.  Let me show you an example.  Teacher unveils teaching chart for the day with the following sentences.

Here is an example of thesis statements and summary statements:

Thesis Statement: Many Americans are buying the Toyota Corolla because of its competitive price, fuel economy, and high resale value.

Summary Statement: Reasonable pricing, low miles per gallon, and an attractive resale value have all contributed to the popularity of the Toyota Corolla in today's market.

Teacher reads aloud examples from chart.  Notice how the thesis statement uses different words and organizes the information in a new way.  The information is still the same, that Americans are buying Corolla’s but the wording is different.  Let’s try to write a summary statement using my Abraham Lincoln example.

My thesis statement was: Abraham Lincoln’s life was interesting including his childhood, career decisions, and his death.  Turn and tell your partner another way to write this statement.  Teacher calls on students to share and writes sentence on chart paper, modeling the process.  If I need to reword this statement to write my summary statement I could write.  Abraham Lincoln’s life was greatly affected by events in his childhood, his decisions as president, and his surprising death. 

The second part of a conclusion paragraph is your final thought about the topic.  This should express your opinion and leave the reader with an idea about your thoughts on the topic.  This is your last opportunity to connect with the reader.  You might end with a question or a general statement about your topic.  For example, I could end my paragraph by stating, “ Would you want to live a life as interesting at Abraham Lincoln?”.  Let’s try to think of other ways to end our paragraph.  Turn and tell your partner another example of a final sentence.  Students should turn and talk.  Teacher calls on partners to share out and records their responses.

You all did such a great job.  With were able to practice many different options.  I know when you return to your seats you will be able to write amazing conclusion paragraphs.  To help you, you will use a template to make sure you include all the important parts of a conclusion paragraph.  Off you go!


Workshop Time (15-20 mins): Students should return to their seats.  They will use the same format as modeling in the lesson to write their conclusion paragraph.  I provide students with a worksheet with the parts of a conclusion paragraph and space to write their own paragraph.  This is helpful because it gives students a checklist and visual reminder of what is required in a conclusion paragraph.  If students finish early, they may share their paragraph with a partner for peer editing.

Exit Slip/Share (3-5 mins): The teacher should collect the conclusion paragraphs for each student.  Teacher should try to provide feedback for each student before the next writing session. I like to highlight a few students work by having them share out loud their conclusion paragraphs.  The class is able to provide feedback to those students and praise their work.

Reflection: This is the culminating lesson for the writing portion of research writing.  The following three lessons are focused on specific editing skills I noticed my students needed during the unit.  I found that giving students the requirements for the conclusion paper made it easier for them to complete.  However, many students struggled with changing the wording of their original thesis and instead wanted to copy the exact thesis again.  If I taught this lesson again I would provide more examples of ways to reword a thesis in the conclusion paragraph.

Key words: thesis statement, summary, transitional words, premise, key points

Often students feel tired from the effort of researching and writing an essay and toss in a few rushed words to finish up. But, the conclusion is the last paragraph your marker will see of your writing effort. So, it is worth putting in the last dregs of your intellectual energy to come up with a convincing conclusion. Fortunately, conclusions have a pattern (recipe) you can follow so that you can write a convincing conclusion.

About conclusion paragraphs

Conclusion paragraphs are about 5% of your essay word count (e.g. about 50 or so words per 1000 word essay). In clearly-written sentences, you restate the thesis from your introduction (but do not repeat the introduction too closely), make a brief summary of your evidence and finish with some sort of judgment about the topic. You can follow this basic pattern (recipe) for writing introduction paragraphs to help you get started.

It’s a good idea to start your conclusion with transitional words (e.g. ‘In summary’, ‘To conclude’, ‘In conclusion’, ‘Finally’,) to help you to get the feel of wrapping up what you have said. The conclusion is not the place to present new facts (should be in the body of your essay), so conclusions don’t usually have references unless you come up with a ‘punchy’ quote from someone special as a final word.

Writing pattern for conclusion paragraphs

The conclusion to an essay is rather like a formal social farewell. For example, if an ASO consultant does a guest presentation at a lecture, it would be good practice to conclude the session by tying up the key points of the lecture and leave the students with a final message about the subject of the lecture:

To conclude, students, you should now know how to apply the three main steps for analysing a question (restatement main idea). If you identify the instruction words, the topic words and the restricting words accurately, this will provide you with a framework for building your essay plan (summary of key points). Essays that are analysed accurately will have much greater success in answering the set question and assist you to get better marks (statement of benefit).

A conclusion paragraph is very much tied to the introduction paragraph and the question that has been set (see Question analysis workshop), and we use special terms to describe each stage of the conclusion.

Exercise 1: Understanding the stages of a conclusion paragraph

Click or hover over the conclusion paragraph to see an analysis of its structure and how the conclusion matches the set question.

We can show this as a diagram. The triangle of the introduction is the opposite in the conclusion. It begins with the narrowest topic (sentence 1), then widens to the summary of key points of the argument in the essay (sentence 2). The last sentence of the paragraph usually makes a broad statement that may be a reflection about the essay’s argument (sentence 3).


Figure 1: A pattern for conclusion paragraphs

Exercise 2: Sentence types in conclusion paragraphs

Read the following question and the sample conclusion paragraph. The sentences are in the wrong order for a conclusion paragraph. Match the statements to the correct sentence type.

Some students who enrol in university studies have difficulties with their writing skills. Discuss the reasons for this problem and critically assess the effectiveness of university intervention writing programs.

1

The main causes of student difficulty appear to be that secondary school assessment has a different focus from university expectations and that universities are increasingly attracting mature age students who may require an update on their skills. In response, universities invest considerable capital into well-run programs that effectively assist students to overcome their writing problems.

Restatement of main premise

incorrect.

Summary of key points in the essay

Correct!

Broad statement (evaluate, forecast future, make recommendations)

incorrect.

2

To conclude, university students who are experiencing difficulty with their academic writing skills will require assistance to reach their academic potential.

Restatement of main premise

Correct!

Summary of key points in the essay

incorrect.

Broad statement (evaluate, forecast future, make recommendations)

incorrect.

3

In response, universities invest considerable capital into well-run programs that effectively assist students to overcome their writing problems.

Restatement of main premise

incorrect.

Summary of key points in the essay

incorrect.

Broad statement (evaluate, forecast future, make recommendations)

Correct!

Exercise 3: In the right order

These conclusion sentences are in the incorrect order. Now that you have identified the sentence types for a conclusion paragraph, put them in the correct order (restatement of main premise -> summary of key points -> broad statement).

 

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