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Capital Punishment Essay Conclusion Help

The Death Penalty

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The Death Penalty

"An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." This is another way for someone to
say they are supportive of the death penalty. The death penalty, to me, is
revenge. It kills innocent people every year. Many of the families of
victims do not want the criminals to be put to death. The death penalty
costs more than a life sentence in jail. It is also racists.

"Since 1976, there have been five hundred twenty-three executions in
the United States, twenty-three in 1999 alone. There was only eleven before
1984. Then the number rose to twenty-one that year. The number of execution
stayed around twenty then dropped to eleven in 1988. Then it steadily rose
from there to seventy-four executions in 1997. That was the highest since
1976."(Death Penalty Information Center, P.1)

There are many different methods of execution used by the government.

The most common is lethal injection used by thirty-four states.

Electrocution is another method, which is used by ten states. The gas
chamber is used in five states. There are still two states today that use
hanging as a method of execution. And two other states use a firing squad.

The death penalty is also extremely racist. There have been
significantly more executions of minorities than white Americans. Capital
punishment also goes against the Constitution of the United States.

Amendments eight and fourteen state that no cruel and unusual punishment can
be inflicted, and no state can deprive any person of life liberty or
property. The death penalty clearly takes these privileges away from
American citizens.

"More than 2000 people are on death row today. Virtually all are
poor, a significant number are mentally retarded or other wise mentally
disabled. More than forty percent are African American and disproportionate
numbers are Native American, Latino, and Asian." (American Civil Liberties
Union) It does not seem fair that only these people are dying. The
Constitution states that everyone should be given a fair trial. These
statistics do not prove to me that these people had a fair trial.

Everybody makes mistakes. If a jury makes a mistake and a person is falsely
accused of murder when they find out they messed up they want to take the

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sentence away. If the sentence is life in prison, they can tell the person
they are sorry and they can go free. It does not work that way if they
sentence a person to death.

If a jury falsely accuses a person of a crime they did not commit
with a sentence to death, they can not take it back. It will be too late.

The person will not be able to get their life back. Every year four innocent
people are put to death. "Since 1976, seventy people on death row were found
innocent of the charges they were accused of." (Death Penalty Information
Center)

Although some people feel the death penalty is a good thing, I think it is
wrong. When someone has committed the crime of murder it creates a great
loss for the victims family. Does putting the killer to death make the
family of the victim feel any better? They still have to live with the loss
of their loved one for the rest of their lives. Taking the life of someone
else does not redeem the life of the person that was killed.

In many cases, the families of the victims do not want the murderer to be put
to death. One case I read about a nine year-old girl was abducted and
murdered. Her father said, "She was shy, joyous, and happy she would never
hurt anybody. Hurting someone for her would not really be for her, would not
honor her, or help us." (Diego Ribadeneira, p.2) What he said is true, it
does not help the victim or the family to kill the criminal. Her father knew
she would not want anyone to be hurt for her so the death penalty would not
help in any way.

When we put criminals on death row for committing the crime of murder, we are
stooping to their level. Murderers are not role models. Why should we
follow what they do and kill them in return? "An eye for an eye makes the
whole world blind."(Ghandi) If we kill people for killing other people we
are basically saying murder is a good choice. If the government can say that
a person deserves to die then why can't an ordinary person do the same?
Last year in Boston, a fifteen year-old boy was killed in a fight over
jewelry. The boy, Cerrone Hemingway, was shot in the head and died. A
family member said, "The notion that your child must die because my child
died? That does not satisfy. It does not bring peace. It only turns our
hearts to stone." (Diego Ribadeneira, p.3)

This family experienced the great loss of having a loved one killed. Yet
they still do not feel it is right to put the killer to death. If the family
of the victim does not think the killer deserves to die, who has the right to
say they should die? The family is the one who is suffering so they should
have the right to say they do not want to kill anyone.

Sometimes murderers will kill themselves after committing the crime so they
will not have to face the consequences of what they have done. That, to me,
is taking the easy way out. These people would rather be dead, as well as
the people they killed, then spend the rest of their lives in jail. It is a
proven fact that the murder rates are lower in states that have done away
with the death penalty. No one wants to spend his or her life wasting away
in jail.

The death penalty is another easy way out. If a person commits a crime as
horrible as murder they would probably rather die themselves then sit in
prison for the rest of their lives. They have so much free time to think
about how they mad the wrong choice. I feel they should have to suffer
through that in jail not end their lives right away. Life in prison should
be their punishment not death.

There is a debate going on now in Massachusetts on whether or not the death
penalty should be implemented. Cardinal Bernard Law, the leader of the
Archdiocese of Boston, said, "The teachings of the church are clear, for a
well-informed Catholic to support capital punishment, it would be morally
wrong. And if one knowingly rejects the teachings of the church it is wrong,
morally evil, and a sin." (Boston Globe, Diego Ribadeneira) People who call
themselves Catholics usually follow the church's rules. If they know it is a
sin and it will go against their beliefs why would they support the death
penalty?

Cardinal Law was talking to Governor Paul Cellucci on this topic. The
Governor, who is a Catholic himself, strongly supports capital punishment.

He stated "I'm trying to do what I think is right for Massachusetts. I
happen to believe putting the death penalty on the books will deter a certain
amount of horrific violent crime." (Boston Globe, Diego Ribadeneira)
Through these statements it shows that Governor Cellucci and Cardinal Law
have two different views of how Catholics should think of the death penalty.

Looking at it as head of the church in Boston, Cardinal Law feels it is
morally wrong and it is a sin to have the death penalty. Paul Cellucci,
being a Catholic and the head politician in Massachusetts, feels it is a good
thing.

The Cardinal feels Cellucci, being a Catholic, should not want to
have capital punishment in his state. How can he call himself a Catholic
when the Cardinal flat out told him God is not for the death penalty? A
person's fait is in the hands of God not a jury.

"Certainly, in general, the punishment should fit the crime. But in
civilized society, we reject the, an eye for an eye, principle of literally
doing to criminals what they do to their victims. The penalty for rape
cannot be rape, or for arson, the burning down of the arsonists house. We
should not, therefore, punish the murderer with death. When the government
meets of vengeance disguised as justice, it becomes complicit with killers
undervaluing human life." (American Civil Liberties Union)
In conclusion, capital punishment is morally wrong. It is legal murder. The
government does not have the right to end a person's life or say when it
should end. The punishment should fit the crime. That is why criminals
should spend their lives in jail. Capital punishment should not be
implemented on Massachusetts.



Death Penalty

Death penalty has been used for centuries to punish serious crimes. Crime in this aspect can be homicide, terrorism, espionage or treason among others. It varies from one country to another. Some countries in Asia, a drug conviction alone is enough for one to be executed. The debate on whether capital punishment is an effective means of hindering crimes of the above stated nature has been raging on for years, but research show that capital punishment is an effectual deterrent measure.

A survey done with the intent of finding out what the public opinion was, regarding the issue of capital punishment was conducted in the month of October 2013 by Gallup, a firm that specializes in research and analysis. They found that more than 50% supported this form of punishment. In addition to this, majority of people believed it was morally just and acceptable.

A study conducted by Zimmerman using state level data between 1978 and 1997 concluded that each execution resulted into a corresponding decrease in murder cases (14 less homicide) in that particular year. In addition to this Zimmerman noted that announcing to the general public that an offender will be executed had a potent effect on the population. Such announcements were effective in deterring future offenders. Findings by Zimmerman are further supported by research done by Dezhbakhsh, Rubin and Shepherd, which concluded that between 1977 and 1996 there were 18 fewer murders. This was based on empirical evidence from 3000 counties. Mocan and Gittings study also found that if laws are less strict and severe, there was a corresponding increase in murder cases. The data showed that for each execution there was a resulting decrease in murder rate but if death penalty was abolished there was an increase in murder rate.

There are conflicting findings that aim to dispute the effectiveness of the death penalty as a means of deterring serious crimes. For instance, a research done by Radelete and Lacock concluded that capital punishment is not an effective method in preventing serious crime. Their conclusion was reached after surveying various researches conducted by leading criminologists. The authors support life imprisonment as a substitute for capital punishment.

In conclusion, humans by nature fear death and pain, this innate quality can be utilized to prevent crime. When a potential murderer is in rage and she/he is about to assault his/her opponent, the thought that she/he might get caught, tried and sentenced to death is what prevents many people from just picking up a gun and killing whoever offends them. This measure is effective in deterring potential criminals. Death penalty is the right choice.

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